River Blue Documentary
The Guardian, Sustainable Business - Clothing to Dye for
International Wool Textile Organization - Microfibres, Plastics and Pollution
Fibre2Fashion - Textile Manufacturing and Cultivation Pollutants
CBC News, Marketplace - Fast Fashion and Greenwashing
Independent - Environmental Costs of Fast Fashion
Fabricated Landscapes explore the ongoing issue of pollution between land and water in order to question the practices used by contemporary textile industries. The series showcases the parallels between the mountains of textiles in our landfills and the chemicals which poison our waters. Fashion has created a complacent throw-away culture, one that is increasingly accumulating waste in our expanding landfills. Fashion has led to consumerism on a global scale, where we no longer consume clothing, but rather, textiles have consumed us.
The textile industry ranks itself as the second- highest polluter in the world. Fast-fashion has revolutionized the industry to mass produce low-quality products overseas, lowering manufacturing costs and providing affordable prices to consumer markets. As a result, retail chains have greatly impacted the world's resources of both water (through manufacturing) and land (through distribution). The planet consists of only 2.5% of fresh water, yet 20% of it is chemically polluted with manufacturing chemicals used to produce retail textiles. In turn, 15 million tons of textiles are manufactured annually for North America alone; however, 85% of this material ends up in landfills each year.
The consumer culture has effected the transparency of the textile industry which neglects consumers to understand their contribution within the cycle. Should we remain unaware of this global impact and our responsibility within it, these manipulations will transform into our inevitable landscapes.